The adjective is a type of word that helps us to better understand the substantive. Thanks to the adjective we can give and receive more information about the substantive and reduce its signification.
The adjective accompanies the substantive and allows us to learn more details about things o people, thus limiting their signification and allowing us to identify a specific object among others that are similar.
- La casa es bonita – The house is beautiful
- Tu perro es grande – Your dog is big
- Mi amiga es guapa – My friend is pretty
- Tu mochila es azul – Your school bag is blue
The adjective usually has two genders: masculine and feminine (rojo/roja) and they always agree in number and gender with the substantive; therefore, if the noun is masculine and singular, the adjective must be masculine and singular:
Example: Mi coche es rojo – My car is red
If the noun is feminine and plural, the adjective must also be feminine and plural:
Example: Las toallas rojas – The red towells
There are also invariable adjectives, this means adjectives that don’t change their form between masculine or feminine. The most common are:
Adjectives ending in consonant (-l, -n, -r, -s, -z):
El coche azul
La camiseta azul
Adjectives ending in –e:
Un coche grande
Una camiseta grande
Now you know! Next time they ask you: “What’s it like?” Use the adjective!